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tv   Listening Post  Al Jazeera  January 31, 2016 6:30am-7:01am EST

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diversity has been hailed the winner at any time night of the award in l.a. >> welcome to diverse tv. >> reporter: for the celebrat n celebration, these actors won for beasts of no nation. hello. you're at the listening post. here are some of the media stories where looking at this week. afghanistan and the suicide bomb aimed at the media there.
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japan, well-known faces are disappearing. moroccon authorities have a problem with reporters and a court case underway. what is the story at davos, with the world forum, the people who go there and the journalists who cover it. jurmism in afghanistan was dealt a killer blow-- journalism. many were killed when the taliban targeted their bus in a bombing. last year the militant group declared the channel a military target and this attack was a message to the rest of the afghan media. the targeting of tolo leaves afghan journalists in a hard place with the threat posed by the taliban and the government to report on afghanistan in a way that suits their version of the political and social story, the progress is being made. until last week's attack on the media, government officials and those with links to them had been responsible for more
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threats against afghan journalists over stories of corruption, land grabs, violence against women and human rights abuses than the taliban were. with the afghan media under fire and under pressure, our starting point this week is kabul >> translation: i saw breaking news on a channel that there was a car bomb. that was when our head of news walked in and said that we were the target, our bus was hit by a suicide bomber. i didn't know how to react. i went downstairs to see a lot of people around trying to identify which van was it, how many people were hurt, how many people lost their lives. when i went there, it was a chaotic scene. we were trying to identify how
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many of our colleagues were lost in the attack. we do a lot of sad stories on a daily basis but this was different and we were affected directly. >> translation: that evening we had to report on what happened. just as one other security incident the story behind this bombing goes back to last year when after a long battle the taliban captured the country, the first time it had taken a major city in afghanistan since 2001. afghan was following the story on tolo tv or one tv, fighters being accused of rape. the militant group then denounced the two channels as satanic media and threatened to
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kill journalists from both. >> tolo and channel 1 are very critical of the taliban, but i think it wasn't until the fall of konduse which was a very strategic and important victory. when mass rapings of women by the taliban, it invoked anger and they claimed this was an ally and this is the reason that they said to the employees are military targets from now on. >> i think the main fear of taliban is that if people know what they are doing, because they are saying something and then doing quite differently. that's why they are very angry because the tv was saying what really the taliban have done there. >> what we did was to report what we were seeing and what we were hearing. we did a lot of sessions with our staff, right after the
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threat, to ensure that they're well informed about it, they're careful. so we took it very, very seriously, but unfortunately a tv channel cannot protect the roads of the city of five million people where every week a blast occurs and people die in the five years the taliban ruled afghanistan, starting in the mid-1990s, almost all modern forms of media were banned. it has been 14 years since they were driven by power and afghan now has 75 television channels and 175 radio stations to choose from. but over that decade and a half, 54 journalists have been killed. one by government forces, many by taliban fighters. the group has moved out of the media dark ages, establishing a website and a presence on twitter, but like any political movement, the taliban does not speak with one voice or adhere to one policy.
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that is reflected in its approach to the news media. >> the taliban are not the media despising monsters. before they were known for not allowing any media at all but it has been a few years that they are very active and they try to change the narrative by publishing their own information as kind of a counter information because most of the information journalists get is either by the afghan government or by n.a.t.o. so they try to change that. >> translation: i think that we should is the taliban what it is they do not want us to cover, but as journalists, it is our duty to cover the latest events. the taliban are entitled to their views, but what is important to us is to portray the injustices that exist and uncover the latest events with an unbiassed outlook. it is our job to let everyone know what is happening, even those who oppose others
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in a country that went from a near total media vacuum to a saturated broadcasting landscape in such a short time, the learning curve for everyone involved, journalists, politicians and moement of the taliban, has been steep. does any after gone journalist and-- afghan journalist and they are more likely to be threatened by government and security services than a militant by a gun. sometimes, such as one correspondent, journalists can get it from both sides. >> they have around 20 correspondents in afghanistan all over the country and one of them last year was taken hostage by the taliban. they wanted to know whether there was a spy or not, and the only reason he was set free was because he was working for a german broadcaster and not an american organization.
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the afghan intelligence agency knocked on his door and said what are you doing here, you were with the taliban, why did they set you free? obviously you are working with them or something otherwise they would have killed you. so there's pressure from all sides. >> there are people inside the government especially in security offices appeared military offices that thisser not quite aware of-- they're not quite aware of the situation. the news rooms of media out let. >> to put pressure media, not directly threaten them, but indirectly put the influence on the media sector which is very dangerous. >> translation: in reports which show a particular minister or other government body in a positive light, naturally they will support us, about if we're reporting a case of corruption, they will not want to cooperate. to some extent we're still threatened by the government on a daily basis, but at least with the government it is possible to have a dialogue. the problem is being denied
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access to information or to some extent violence towards journalists, but not to the extent of killing journalists the french philosopher said, what will those with the pens do now. >> we are at a critical juncture at the moment. this is about freedom, giving voice to a nation which will silence for-- was silent for many decades in our recent history. this is what the afghan media has given to the afghan people and i'm hopeful that we're still going to grow because media and press freedom is something that the afghan people want at the bottom of their heart.
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other media stories that are our on radar this week, one of the best known journalists is jap ontelevision is out of a job. he hosted a program called close up jendi on nhk for 23 years. she gained a reputation for asking tough questions of the powerful which made her one of a rare breed in the japanese media. her ouster is reportedly related to an interview she did in 2014 with chief cabinet secretary in which sympathy asked an unscripted question that-- sympathy asked an unscripted-- she asked an unscripted question which offended.
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another will be replaced. a news anchor have recently lost their positions. accordingly to the annual press published by the paris based reporters without border, media freedom in japan has deteriorated under abe. it was ranked at 11 place in the index in 2010. he was elected in 2012 and japan has sunk to 61st. combined the two cases are likely to have a chilling effect on journalist there. seven people, three of whom worked with the mococcan association for investigative association went on trial over a an issue with smart phones. according to the court papers the allegation is that journalist may destabilize the country's trust. they're charged with threatening security and failing to disclose
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that their project was funded by a dutch ngo. they could face up to five years in jail if convicted. another who runs a website is too stand trial next month. his alleged crime an interview he did with a german newspaper in which he was quoted as saying that western sahara is occupied. that is a red line in the journalism. a news person who said his quote was lost in translation faces charges of undermining international integrity and up to five years in prison. the announcement that the budget will be trimmed by 20% or about 75 million dollars. news has broken some of the biggest stories. the snowden and the phone hacking tabloid is among them. then there is the partnership with wikileaks. the guardian has a successful
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website. many users per day. print advise advertising fell by 25% last year. digital revenues have failed to make up. and the guardian has long resisted going the payroll route. every year in the swiss alps more than 500 reporters congregate to cover an exclusive invitation only of the global elite. business and financial news outlets find the cast of people there irresistible. many people converging to as the brochure says improve the state of the world. it is a high altitude sound bite factory with ceos, profit members and politicians marketing their countries. the forum has an optics problem. a report revealed that the planets 62 richest individuals are as wealthy as half of the world's population. we're better than for the global-- where better than to
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get issue the inequality with its gathering of the super rich, but very little of that happened. the listening post on the annual spe speck-- zpectacle that is davas. - >> reporter: davos population 11,000. except when the world economic forum comes to town. then the number swells to about 30,000. as significant number of them are members of the global media, not just tv anchors, newspaper reporters and columnists and radio hosts, but producers, camera crews, videoed tors, photographers, technicians, all there to report on this annual alpine mega meeting. >> you have all these people from different fields. what unites them is they're all very powerful, exchanging information and harmonising
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their ideas to the exclusion of everyone else. it is a very good image of the world. >> it is a must do event because it is a great opportunity for us to speak to leaders, business leaders and also prime ministers about the world changing events that are shaping our society. >> this is unacceptable that nothing it happening >> you're telling me after four hours of the meeting with the voice president biden you cannot report any progress on reaching peace? >> there is this claim from journalism that claims to be contesting power speaking truth to power, but actually overwhelmingly what we do is reproduce the discourse of power. >> reporter: the world economic forum foundation is nearly 50 years old. what began as a white male, super rich club is now less european, less white, a little less male but even richer. the media at the gathering have
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become more diverse. business and financial news outlets still dominate with some of the extensive operations set up by c n.b.c. and agencies like reuters. each year has seen more journalists from africa, latin america and asia coming over to cover the event >> media looks for two things. what is the positioning of india as an investment designation >> the second important point is about the trends that are going to be shaping change across the world. china only consumes 10% of the world's oil. >> the inter play of business interests between indian companies and global companies is very strong. the deeper embeddedness of globalisation is very exciting for media. >> reporter: the picture postcard setting of the world economic forum contrasted
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sharply with the dark horizon >> it fell 8%. >> reporter: it wasn't just the stock markets or oil prices or the fall ee euro. >> one% of people are as rich as the rest of the world's population combined. >> reporter: in the crash the wealth gap has been growing wider every year. the billionaires' list has shown a steady growth from 162 billion airs to 1826 billion airs in 2015 with a net worth of 7.05 trillion dollars. the bank's global report stated that below half of the global population own less than 1% of global health, while 88% is owned by adults. many were at the forum, but the inequality were not high on the
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news agenda. >> capitalism, so we try to get to the bottom of business decisions. the world economic forum represents most people who are very important in business. so we try and understand the thinking and challenge them on their business models >> the notion that this is capitalism. to do that, you have to see the capital on the life of people >> i think the easiest thing to do and most business reporting is being a mouthpiece of capitalism. >> i have to point out ken killed it last year >> and so a lot of business journalist is reporting what the people who run business say. in sports journalism you say arsenal won by nil and you say the stock market fell 1%. you report the score. it's harder to explain in depth what is going on behind the score. >> reporter: that kind of
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reporting takes a lot of time, demands resources and costs money. >> how is your holdings with twitter going? >> i have no holdings in twitter. >> reporter: it requires air time and news channels have a sur plaus of that. news channels are owned by corporations and the relationships they have with governments, industries and the financial sector can be too close for comfort >> most of the money that organizations like reutors make are based on the screens that they sell to financial organizations. news actually nowadays for bloomburg and reuters is a tiny part of these total incomes they make. i don't want to single out bloomburg one when somebody from there, the interview is one of the clients, it is not one single financial corporation or big corporation that doesn't have their terminals. this is the people you're interviewing. this is their acquired. ism you will be okay?
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>> we talked about yes, we will be object. >> journalists, individual journalists, some of the people are absolutely critical, but they're working within an organization that it will have editorial processes that will safeguard the interests of the company as a business. >> reporter: we asked bloomburg for a response to this assertion. we got this statement: >> reporter: to the sceptics davoz is a giant smoog fest. 22 events such as the world social forum coming up later this year try to rival davos but
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they lack the ceos and others. the world economic forum is left in a category of its own. it is one of those media events where the media's shortcomings can be exposed >> the kind of swagger that europe will show. >> move it towards words from stand still to losing steam. >> that's confidence. >> when you get politics, when you look at economic trouble, everything is marginal than it used to be. i think in davos it is maybe more important than anywhere else that you make sure that you're maybe talking with some of your interviewees, that you're sure to get answers to the right questions. for a journalist it is important always to not just take one point of view. when you're covering a big event like this, you also have to go to the street and see what the reality is and match it to the discussions and the decision-making at a global gathering like this.
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what we see here is really a collection of thoughts and views of leaders in their own countries in their own companies. by bringing everybody together, i think there is more of a fair base. >> the world is a big place. there's lots of stories happening. a lot of them deserve far more attention than davos. that was just a group of ceos and bankers and aspiring politicians and they're telling us how we really work? >> it was a spectacle that say they're concerned citizens. it helps us understand. you can watch it with the sound off, just the view is informative. who you think. >> the majority are families with children. >> a growing epidemic that impacts us all. >> i think it's the most
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helpless feeling i've ever experienced. >> but who's getting rich while some are just trying to survive? >> they want to make the city for people that can afford things. >> "faultlines". >> al jazeera america's hard-hitting... >> today the will be arrested. >> ground-breaking... >> they're firing canisters of gas at us. >> award-winning, investigative documentary series.
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finally, the world economic forum on pr and communications team and it came up with a list of the 36 best quotes ut beyond any reasonable doubt at this year's-- uttered at this year's conference. we have whittled it down to ten. you don't really need a new idea, an old one will do just as slong as you recycle it, repackage it with some new words. -- long as you recycle it. we will see you next team here
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at the listening post. [ ♪ ]
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from revenge and despair, to hope and forgiveness. >> let us pray. one man's search for redemption, through ebola's devastation. >> this is one of the most important sites in this century. >> proudest moment of my life. >> this is one of the most important sites in the century. >> this linked the mafia and the church. >> why do you think you didn't get the medal of honor? >> i can't allow you not to go into that because that is your job. >> we gonna bring this city back one note at a time. >> proudest moment in my life.
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remain republicans? i will ask one who resigned disappointed with his own party. in your panel should you be able to protect your property from drones that might be flying over head. students that go hungry every day in third world countries in the world. i'm adam may and this is third rail. the g.o.p. is in turmoil with establishment candidates for president running wellll behind insurgent billionaire donald trump. >> i'm very angry because our country is being run horribly and i will gladly accept the mantle of appear anger

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